Gum tissue serves to protect and support the lower structures of the teeth and the tissues that hold teeth in place. If gums become unhealthy and patients do not visit their local dental office and get proper gum disease treatment, teeth are then susceptible to decay, infection and loosening. Gum problems may also affect general health.
Problems begin when neglecting to brush effectively at least twice a day. Plaque, food and debris allow bacteria to grow and reproduce out of control. Unlike a typical open wound that becomes infected, the early stages of gum disease are not typically accompanied by recognizable symptoms until the problem advances. Gingivitis develops when gums become inflamed, turn red and bleed when brushing and flossing. The combination of problems leads to bad breath. In time, the gum recedes or shrinks away from the teeth, which provides yet more opportunities for bacteria to invade, cause infection and result in an abscess. As tissues beneath the gum line break down, teeth loosen. The condition is then considered periodontitis. The infection may travel through the bloodstream and cause systemic problems that include cardiovascular disease.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that nearly half of adults over the age of 30 suffer from gingivitis, which progresses to periodontitis. By the age of 65, the number increases to approximately 70 percent. In addition to not having proper oral care, other situations increase the likelihood of developing gum disease.
Hudson Family Dentistry advises that some of these risk factors are manageable. Stop smoking or chewing tobacco, and maintain proper blood sugar levels if diagnosed with diabetes. Find healthy outlets for stress. Break the habit of jaw clenching or teeth grinding. If pregnant, visit your local dental office more often.
Gum Disease Treatment
When diagnosed with gum disease, our Hudson NC dentists typically initially address the primary factor of plaque. The treatment involves thoroughly cleaning all of the affected areas using techniques known as scaling and planing. Depending on the severity of the condition, the cleaning process may begin on the exposed tooth surfaces and progress to the roots below. Antibiotics in the form of gels, solutions or oral formulations may be necessary. Practitioners additionally look for and remedy cavities, loose fillings or crowns. X-rays determine deep-rooted infections and possible bone loss. Severe cases may require reparative surgery.
Get in touch with our Hudson NC dentist office today to schedule an appointment if you have sore gums or bleeding gums while brushing. You may be experiencing gum disease and we can certainly help treat it and teach you on better habits.